An animal skin quiver contained arrow-shafts made of viburnum and hazel wood, sinews and spare points.
A copper ax head with a yew haft and leather binding, a small flint knife, and a pouch with a flint scraper and an awl were all included in the artifacts found with him.
For a 2nd sample complex, we studied logs from the beginning of salt mining in the world's oldest salt mines at Hallstatt in Upper Austria.
(super 14) C AMS measurements were performed in Vienna on spruce samples found in the prehistoric mines and from a log-house on the surface.
Blood traces on the stone arrow points he carried with him are from four different people, suggesting he had participated in a fight for his life.
Further analysis of the contents of his stomach and intestines have allowed researchers to describe his last two to three days as both hectic and violent.
Patrick Landmann / Getty Images Otzi the Iceman, also called Similaun Man, Hauslabjoch Man or even Frozen Fritz, was discovered in 1991, eroding out of a glacier in the Italian Alps near the border between Italy and Austria.
The human remains are of a Late Neolithic or Chalcolithic man who was died between about 3350-3300 BC.
He stuffed those shoes with moss and grasses, no doubt for insulation and comfort.
During this time he spent time in the high pastures of the Otzal valley, then walked down to the village in the Vinschgau valley.
There he was involved in a violent confrontation, sustaining a deep cut on his hand. Before Otzi died, he had suffered two fairly serious wounds, in addition to a blow to the head.
Data evaluation included "wiggle matching" of different sets of tree rings.
The results suggest that salt mining in the Hallstatt region took place in the 14th-13th century BC, well before the so-called Hallstatt period.